Aviation and the Global Atmosphere

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Figure 6-5: a) Radiative forcing components resulting from the IS92a emission scenario for 1990 to 2100. The "Total Non-CO2 Trace Gases" curve includes the radiative forcing from CH4 (including CH4-related increases in stratospheric water vapor), N2O, tropospheric O3, and the halocarbons (including the negative forcing effect of stratospheric O3 depletion). Halocarbon emissions have been modified to take account of the Montreal Protocol and its Adjustments and Amendments. The three aerosol components are direct sulfate, indirect sulfate, and direct biomass burning.

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